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Are endometriosis and PCOS related?

Endometriosis and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are common conditions that affect women of reproductive age.

They may seem similar in that they can both cause heavy periods and may cause difficulty getting pregnant. However, they are different conditions with different treatments.

Endometriosis is when tissue similar to tissue in the uterus grows outside the uterus, meaning this tissue will build up and break down, causing bleeding (a period). As the blood has nowhere to go it causes inflammation and pain.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is excessive hormones in the body that leads to symptoms such as acne, weight gain and excessive hair growth.

Here are the symptoms and treatments for both conditions:

Endometriosis symptoms:

  • Pain in the lower abdomen and lower back

  • Bloating and abdominal distension (endo belly)

  • Bad period pain which stops you enjoying your daily life

  • Pain during or after intercourse

  • Pain when going to the toilet

  • Difficulty conceiving

Endometriosis treatment:

Symptoms of endometriosis can be helped with the use of anti-inflammatories and painkillers. Hormone medication can help to reduce the amount of oestrogen in your body which promotes the growth of endometrial tissue.

However, surgery may be required to remove existing tissue. In extreme cases and if you do not wish for any future children, a hysterectomy may be an option.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) symptoms:

  • Increased levels of the hormone androgen which can cause excessive hair growth, acne and weight gain

  • Not ovulating, which can cause irregular periods and trouble conceiving

  • Enlarged ovaries which may also contain fluid filled sacs

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) treatment:

PCOS is a managed condition. You can have medication to help with hair growth, period problems and acne, and fertility medicines to help you conceive. The majority of women with PCOS conceive naturally, although it can take longer.

How do I book a consultation? You can book a consultation with Evi Bakali via her secretary. Appointments are available via private medical insurance or paying for yourself. Click here for the most up to date self funding fees and for private medical insurance information.


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